Musician and composer who with his band Cluster was a pioneer of ‘krautrock’

Though born in Switzerland, Dieter Moebius, who has died aged 71, was destined to become renowned as one of the pioneers of so-called krautrock. A talented graphic artist as well as a versatile experimental musician, Moebius shared the restlessness of many of his contemporaries in divided postwar Germany, and helped to create a new musical genre, largely shaped by the development of electronic instruments and synthesizers, through which to express it.

It was while he was living in Berlin in the late 1960s that he met Hans-Joachim Roedelius and Conrad Schnitzler – founders of the art and music collective the Zodiak Free Arts Lab – with whom he formed the band Kluster. In 1971, following Schnitzler’s departure, Kluster became Cluster and – notwithstanding several temporary retirements – continued to record and perform live until 2010. In the mid-1970s, Moebius and Roedelius teamed up with Michael Rother of the band Neu! to form Harmonia, who made three studio albums including Tracks and Traces (1976), featuring Brian Eno.