Given that the social hierarchy is seen as a hierarchy from the most valued at the top, to
the least valued at the bottom, it is easy to see how bigger status differences increase the
evaluative threat and add to status competition and status insecurity. This perspective also
explains why violence increases with greater inequality. The literature on violence points
out how often issues of respect, loss of face, and humiliation, are the triggers to violence.
Violence is more common were there is more inequality not only because inequality
increases status competition, but also because people deprived of the markers of status
(incomes, jobs, houses, cars, etc) become particularly sensitive to how they are seen.
What hurts about having second rate possessions is being seen as a second rate person.