I've posted about this already in the "If You Were An Archaeologist" thread, but I can't resist starting a dedicated thread in view of the latest developments.
Richard III was the last Yorkist King of England. His reign only lasted two years (1483-85) and his death at the Battle of Bosworth Field marked the end of the Wars of the Roses and the end of the medieval period of English history.
Over 500 years later, Richard is still considered controversial because of his supposed complicity in the deaths of his nephews King Edward V and Richard, Duke of York (aka the Princes in the Tower). There's no historical evidence about the truth of those claims one way or the other. Much of the speculation is based on William Shakespeare's play Richard III, but Shakespeare was writing during the Tudor period when criticising the earlier Yorkists was politically expected.
Anyway, Richard III was buried beneath the choir in Greyfriars Friary, Leicester which was later demolished during Henry VIII's reformation and its precise whereabouts lost. There's currently an archaeological excavation in a car park in Leicester which has located the church and, it's been announced today, found human remains. Not only that, but a curvature of the spine, a skull injury and an embedded arrowhead are all consistent with what's known about Richard and his death. The archaeologists have DNA from a living descendant of Richard's sister and will be testing the bones hoping for a match.
For history buffs like me, this is very exciting stuff. Richard III is the only English monarch since 1066 to have no known grave. If the tests show that the remains are Richard's, he'll apparently be reburied in Leicester Cathedral although personally I feel there would be more suitable places, one being York Minster.
Some links for anyone I haven't bored into submission:
BBC News - Richard III dig: 'Strong evidence' bones are lost king
Richard III of England - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Princes in the Tower - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia