27 August 1877 – Birth of Charles Rolls.
27 August 1877 – Birth of Charles Rolls.
28 August 1592 – Birth of George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham
29 August 1350 – Battle of Winchelsea: The English naval fleet under King Edward III defeats a Castilian fleet of 40 ships.
30 August 1797 – Birth of Mary Shelley, English author.
31 August 1880 – Birth of Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands.
1 September 1715 – King Louis XIV of France dies after a reign of 72 years – the longest of any major European monarch.
2 September 1807 – The Royal Navy bombards Copenhagen with fire bombs and phosphorus rockets to prevent Denmark from surrendering its fleet to Napoleon.
3 September 1658 – Death of Oliver Cromwell
4 September 476 – Romulus Augustulus, last emperor of the Western Roman Empire, is deposed when Odoacer proclaims himself "King of Italy", thus ending the Western Roman Empire.
5 September 1666 – Great Fire of London ends: 10,000 buildings including St Paul's Cathedral are destroyed, but only 6 people are known to have died.
6 September 1923 – Birth of King Peter II of Yugoslavia
7 September 1836 – Birth of Henry Campbell-Bannerman, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
8 September 1886 – Birth of Siegfried Sassoon
9 September 1513 – King James IV of Scotland is defeated and dies in the Battle of Flodden Field.
10 September 1898 – Empress Elizabeth of Austria is assassinated by Luigi Lucheni.
11 September 1683 – Battle of Vienna.
12 September 1852 – Birth of Herbert Henry Asquith, 1st Earl of Oxford and Asquith, KG, PC, KC, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
13 September 1894 – Birth of J B Priestley
14 September 1901 – President of the United States William McKinley dies after an assassination attempt on September 6, and is succeeded by Theodore Roosevelt.
15 September 1904 – Birth of King Umberto II of Italy.
16 September 1701 – Death of King James II of England
17 September 1674 – Birth of Ernest Augustus, Duke of York and Albany
18 September 1905 – Birth of Greta Garbo
19 September 1777 – American Revolutionary War: British forces win a tactically expensive victory over the Continental Army in the First Battle of Saratoga.
20 September 1906 – Cunard Line's RMS Mauretania is launched at the Swan Hunter & Wigham Richardson shipyard in Newcastle upon Tyne, England.
21 September 1898 – Empress Dowager Cixi seizes power and ends the Hundred Days' Reform in China.
22 September 1896 – Queen Victoria surpasses her grandfather King George III as the longest reigning monarch in British history.
23 September 1459 – Battle of Blore Heath, the first major battle of the English Wars of the Roses, is fought at Blore Heath in Staffordshire.
24 September 1950 – Death of Princess Victoria of Hesse and by Rhine
25 September 1066 – The Battle of Stamford Bridge marks the end of the Viking invasions of England.
26 September 1087 – William II is crowned King of England, and reigns until 1100.
27 September 1938 – Ocean liner RMS Queen Elizabeth launched in Glasgow.
28 September 1916 –Birth of Peter Finch.
29 September 1973 – Death of W H Auden
30 September 1955 – Death of James Dean.
1 October 1553 – Coronation of Queen Mary I of England.
2 October 1452 – Birth of King Richard III of England
3 October 1918 – King Boris III of Bulgaria accedes to the throne.
4 October 1895 – Birth of Buster Keaton.
5 October 1919 – Birth of Donald Pleasence.
6 October 1773 – Birth of King Louis Philippe I of France.
7 October 1763 – King George III of Great Britain issues British Royal Proclamation of 1763, closing aboriginal lands in North America north and west of Alleghenies to white settlements.
8 October 1895 – Birth of King Zog of Albania.
9 October 1907 – Birth of Quintin Hogg, 2nd Viscount Hailsham, Baron Hailsham of St Marylebone.
10 October 1983 – Death of Sir Ralph Richardson.
11 October 1982 – The Mary Rose, a Tudor carrack which sank on 19 July 1545, is salvaged from the sea bed of the Solent, off Portsmouth.
12 October 1537 – Birth of King Edward VI of England
13 October 54 – Roman Emperor Claudius is poisoned to death under mysterious circumstances. His 17-year-old stepson Nero succeeds him to the Roman throne.
14 October 1888 – Louis Le Prince films first motion picture: Roundhay Garden Scene.
15 October 1881 – Birth of Sir Pelham (P G) Wodehouse.