Men’s grooming and skin care first included the use of fragrant oils. As early as 10,000 BC, men were grooming themselves using scented oils and ointments to clean and soften their skin and mask body odor. Mans use of makeup began with dyes and paints that were used to make-up and color the skin, body and hair. At this time men’s makeup not only included rouge for their lips and cheeks, but makeup for the nails using henna as a stain. Men’s makeup also included the use of Kohl to heavily line the eyes and eyebrows. Kohl was a dark-colored powder made of crushed antimony, burnt almonds, lead, oxidized copper, ochre, ash, malachite and chrysocolla. When used by men as makeup, Kohl was applied using a small stick as a makeup applicator. The makeup was applied to the upper and lower eyelids, painted in a line that extended to the sides of the face for an almond effect. In addition to its purpose as men’s makeup, Kohl also reduced the suns glare, and it was believed that kohl eyeliner could restore poor eyesight and reduce eye infection. Men who used Kohl as makeup kept it in a small, flat-bottomed pot with a wide, tiny rim and a flat, disk-shaped lid.
From 7,000 to 4,000 BC, the fatty oils of olive and sesame were combined with fragrant plants to create the original Neolithic ointments for use in men’s grooming and men’s skin care. When the Egyptians were learning to write and make bricks in 3,000 BC, they were also importing large quantities of myrrh. The earliest recorded items of Egyptian commerce included spices, gums, and other fragrant plants that were used in men’s make-up, grooming, and skin care products.